Learn Korean quickly and for free! KoniKorean offers vocabulary, grammar, and culture notes for intermediate and advanced learners of the Korean language. Check out vocabulary by topic, vocabulary and grammar sheets to print out, and recommended books to take your knowledge of Korean one step further.

Washer & Dryer

Doing the laundry in Korea can be a daunting task, especially if not too familiar with its related words (drying, pre-wash, etc.) Similar to the 노래방 remote post, here is a breakdown of the common words written on washers and dryers (usually the same unit in Korea), and a photo example of how it looks like on a commercial machine.

Pattern –기 바라다: polite request

These examples are sentences that could be heard from flight attendants on a commercial flight.

응급 환자가 안전하게 내릴 때까지 좌석에 앉아 기다려 주시기 바랍니다. (오주영 & 문구선, 2010) Until the emergency patient gets off, please remain seated.
기내에서의 좌석 이동은 삼가 해 주시기 바랍니다. (Peach Air, 2017) Please restrain from any in-flight change of seat (=please keep your assigned seat during flight)

Pattern –(으)ㄴ/는 바람에: because of, as a result

–()/ 바람에 can be translated as “because of, as a result.” Usually, the phrase before 바람에 indicates an ‘unexpected event’ that leads to a negative effect in the following clause.


제가 탄 비행기가 한 시간 연착하는 바람에 기차를 놓쳤어요. Because my plane was one hour late, I missed the train.
날씨가 나쁜 바람에 제가 탄 항공기 운항이 취소되었어요. Because the weather was bad, my flight was cancelled.

The Airport & Traveling by Plane

Learn some vocabulary about the airport, flying, and all the steps in between! The words in the list below are often heard during boarding announcements at the airport, onboard the plane, and can be seen on airline websites.

공항 airport
비행기/항공기 airplane
항공사 airline
출발 departure
도착 arrival
직항 항공편 [지캉] direct flight
국내 [궁내] domestic, interior
국내 비행 서비스 domestic flight service
국제 [국쩨] international
국제선 international lines

노래방 - Korean Karaoke (and its complicated remote)

Karaoke Room in IndianapolisKorean karaoke, or 노래방, is really popular among Koreans of all ages. Friends, family, or colleagues use karaoke as a sort of social gathering, usually drinking beer at the same time. 

Some of the etiquette rules governing 노래방:

  • Do not queue several songs at once, but let other people queue their own songs.
  • Avoid looking at your phone frequently, as it is considered rude.
  • If you see that you do not know a song as much as you thought, skip it (press 취소 followed by 시작 on the remote)

One of the barriers of entry to 노래방 for foreigners is probably the seemingly overly complicated remote. Learn the various features of the remote prior to going to 노래방 so that you can make the most of your time there! Check the picture (divided by zone) and the corresponding vocabulary below. You can also download this information and print it to take it with you to your next 노래방 session! If you live too far from a karaoke place, you can also buy a Korean karaoke machine for home use.

Ending –거든(요): it’s because, you see

거든() can be translated as “it’s because, you see.” It follows a verb and, in this form, is always ending a sentence (another pattern exists with 거든 in the middle of a sentence, with a different meaning). It is commonly used to add information to what was previously said, provide justification for one’s actions, or referring to something that was said in the past.

A: 왜 늦게 왔어?
B: 할 숙제 많았거든.
A: Why did you arrive late?

B: Because I had a lot of homework left.

Pattern (을/를) 통해(서): through, by way of

(을/를) 통해(서) / (을/를) 통하여(서) can be translated as “through, by way of” and is used with nouns to indicate “sources of information” such as persons, institutions, activities, etc.

텔레비전을 통해서 한국 문화에 대해 많이 배우게 됐어요. I ended up learning a lot about Korean culture through television.
친구를 통해서 민주의 소식을 들었어요. I got news of Minjoo through a friend.

Academics - University Topics

This lesson introduces words to talk about university subjects, the different university degrees, and some examples using these words together in a sentence.

Some words in this lesson:

수학 mathematics
물리학 physics
(수학) 학위 a degree (in mathematics)
학위 소지자 person with an academic degree